1 Sam. 15:23 π Hos. 9:7 π Mt. 7:23 π Mt. 13:38 π Mt. 15:14 π Mt. 18:12-14 π Mt. 18:14 π Mt. 18:15-17 π Mt. 18:17 π Mt. 18:20 π Mt. 20:25-26 π Mt. 24:4 π Mt. 24:12 π Mt. 24:13 π Mt. 28:19 π Jn. 4:23-24 π Jn. 7:17 π Jn. 16:13 π Jn. 21:15-17 π Rom. 8:14 π Rom. 10:14 π Rom. 16:17 π 1 Cor. 5:9-11 π 1 Cor. 5:11 π 1 Cor. 5:11-13 π 1 Cor. 12:25 π 1 Cor. 14:26; 2nd π 1 Cor. 14:27-33 π 1 Cor. 15:33 π 2 Cor. 6:14-18 π 2 Cor. 6:17-18 π 2 Cor. 11:3-4; 2nd π Gal. 5:19-21 π Eph. 4:11-13 π Eph. 4:12 π 1 Ths. 5:21 π 2 Ths. 2:3 π 2 Ths. 3:6 π 2 Ths. 3:14 π 1 Tim. 4:1 π 1 Tim. 6:3-5 π 2 Tim. 3:2-5 π 2 Tim. 3:5 π Tit. 3:10-11 π 2 Pet. 1:5-11 π 2 Pet. 3:9 π 1 Jn. 1:7 π 1 Jn. 2:27
All quotes from A.W. Tozer are from his book, God Tells the Man Who Cares unless otherwise specified.
The church is found wherever the Holy Spirit has drawn together a few persons who trust Christ for their salvation, worship God in spirit and have no dealings with the world and the flesh. The members may by necessity be scattered over the surface of the earth and separated by distance and circumstances, but in every true member of the church is the homing instinct and the longing of the sheep for the fold and the Shepherd. Give a few real Christians half a chance and they will get together and organize and plan regular meetings for prayer and worship. In these meetings they will hear the Scriptures expounded, break bread together in one form or another according to their light, and try as far as possible to spread the saving gospel to the lost world.
Such groups are cells in the Body of Christ, and each one is a true church, a real part of the greater church. It is in and through these cells that the Spirit does His work on earth. Whoever scorns the local church scorns the Body of Christ. (“The Vital Place of the Church,” pp. 25-26)
We started looking at this quote in the previous section. Tozer says a “few persons” are required to form a valid church. In that, he is almost correct. Jesus said, “For where two or three are gathered together in My name, I am there in the midst of them.” ( Mt. 18:20 - emphasis added; top) While this verse is certainly no prohibition against larger meetings, it is a warning that larger meetings can subtly rob the people of Christ of fully entering into and experiencing His presence.
Paul wrote, “Whenever you come together, each of you has a psalm, has a teaching, has a tongue, has a revelation, has an interpretation. Let all things be done for edification.” ( 1 Cor. 14:26; top ) Apparently a goodly number of people were involved in the meetings in carnal Corinth as Paul goes on to limit tongues and prophecies to three each, done in turn and in an orderly manner. (see 1 Cor. 14:27-33; top ) What happens, though, when more than two or three people are present? Someone becomes a spectator. Well-“churched” people - even those supposedly “well-fed” by professional expositional teachers - are very often simply unable to operate their spiritual giftings given to them by God when they come into a small gathering of believers because they have sat silent and passive too long under the ear-soothing, ear-scratching words of a “pastor”-teacher. This spiritual immobilization is made exponentially worse when the “pastor” is a demonized son of the devil - a tare over the wheat!
Tozer believed that the people who formed the minimal church should adhere to at least three standards:
1) they must trust Christ for their salvation;
2) they must worship God in spirit; and
3) they must have no dealings with the world and the flesh.
What is “salvation”? Many people equate salvation with saying a “sinner’s prayer” (which cannot be found anywhere in the Scriptures) followed by regular, routine “church” attendance whereby people get to see us trying to improve our moral behaviors to “acceptable” standards while we have this fuzzy notion that we should be going to “heaven” when we die. This version of the “church” paradigm - though rarely practiced in total abandon (except in “churches” that have long practiced the traditions of men and no longer have anything of the Spirit of Christ, valuing instead status, appearance and form) is most often incrementally embraced, most often by negligence rather than by human design. It is the subtle work of the demonic to step-by-step lure us into first deception and then apostasy. (see 2 Cor. 11:3-4; top ) No deception is as powerful as deceiving men into obeying their own desires (practicing lawlessness, doing what is right in their own eyes) in the name of Christ. Men will tenaciously and zealously cling to their religious traditions because they are defending their right to be their own god. This is not salvation.
Tozer says that the church exists, in conjunction with his other conditions, where people “worship God in spirit.” What does that mean? It means that our spirits must be engaged to reverently and obediently interact with the Spirit of God. Where “church” leaders have foolishly embraced soulish methods to “disciple” the people of Christ who come to them looking for light, no spiritual training or development is attempted (or, quite often, even tolerated!) and the people who truly hunger for Christ open their hearts to whatever spirit is there that gives them what they like or desire - knowledge, money, status, recognition, affirmation, emotional feelings/experiences, etc.
This is why Jesus (unlike Tozer in this unusual occasion) says, “...the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth...those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.” ( Jn. 4:23-24 - emphasis added) When we worship God in spirit only (a concept Tozer did not embrace so I really don’t know how to explain this quote from him), we are openly inviting the demonic to control us. It is true that truth is something we progressively enter into (see Jn. 16:13; top ) but if truth - as God reveals it to us by His Spirit (another element of worshiping in spirit) - is not a required element, we do not have a valid expression of assembling as the people of Christ.
Tozer wrote, “...Christians with sharp minds but limited outlook who saw one truth and, being unable to relate it to other truths, became narrow extremists, devoutly cultivating their tiny plot, naively believing that their little fence enclosed the whole earth.” (“We Need Sanctified Thinkers,” p. 122) These “Christians” are not Christians but are a sect, a dissension, a heresy (see Gal. 5:19-21; top ) even when we change the label to denomination.
Tozer also wrote,
“Those who insist upon seeing the world in a grain of sand have their slavish, unthinking followers, and those who go doggedly about the task of counting the grains of sand in the world have theirs. The moral texture and spiritual complexion of the two groups are so completely different from each other that an uninformed but intelligent person who might chance to spend some time with each group could be forgiven for concluding that they drew their beliefs from different Bibles or perhaps even worshiped different gods.” (“All Truths Agree in Christ,” p. 163)
If an uninformed, unbiased, non-programmed, intelligent observer would rationally conclude that the various “churches” are worshiping different gods, maybe we should simply consider the very distinct possibility that they are worshiping different gods! If we decide - apart from any leading of Christ’s Spirit - that “Pastor” Smith or Denomination AAA is preaching the kind of “truth” we prefer to hear or practicing a kind of “Christianity” we can accept and join ourselves to, we are merely practicing lawlessness. We are worshiping, exalting and obeying either that “pastor,” that denomination or simply ourselves - not Christ. As Tozer himself said, “Any deviation from [New Testament] instructions is a denial of the Lordship of Christ.” (“Pragmatism Goes to Church,” p. 84) Wherever our “church” practices deviate from the Lord’s instructions, we are quietly but stubbornly practicing rebellion (see 1 Sam. 15:23; top ), exalting our own self or agenda or opinions as the god in our life. We are worshiping a very different god than the God of the New Testament, the Lord Jesus Christ.
Writing in the time frame of the 40s and 50s, Tozer wrote
Without denying a single doctrine of the faith, multitudes of Christians have nevertheless forsaken the faith... Anyone who makes a claim to having “accepted Christ” is admitted at once into the goodly fellowship of the prophets and the glorious company of the apostles regardless of the worldliness of his life or the vagueness of his doctrinal beliefs. ...love is all that really matters and for that reason we ought to receive everyone whose intention is right, regardless of his doctrinal position, granted of course that he is ready to read the Scriptures, trust Jesus and pray. The unregenerate sympathies of the fallen human heart adopt this foggy creed eagerly. The trouble is that the holy Scriptures teach nothing of the kind. (“The Way of Christ Is Still Narrow,” pp. 65-67 - emphasis added)
This is the shaky “church” foundation upon which most “churches” today are built. The problem is though, that “Christians”" who have forsaken the faith are no longer Christians - no matter how many correct doctrines (teachings) they subscribe to. But, the “church” says, we must make room for the mixed multitude (they pay for their religion better anyway) because we have no discernment to recognize the fraudulent counterfeit “Christian” from a true one. And we have no mechanism (or desire) to ostracize those who claim to be brothers but who are in truth fornicators, idolaters and worldly sinners. (see 1 Cor. 5:11 ) The Scriptural truth is that only those who are led by the Spirit of God are the sons of God. ( Rom. 8:14 ) Those led by another spirit are the tares, the sons of the devil ( Mt. 13:38; top ) but the “church” dares not chase away it’s best paying customers.
In discussing the wheat and the tares, Tozer said, “The question of coexistence does not enter here, but the question of union and fellowship does. The wheat grows in the same field with the tares, but shall the two cross-pollinate?” (“Divisions Are Not Always Bad,” p. 51) But, according to the “church” paradigm, we are supposed to just “love” them - that is, we just “go to church” with the tares (the sons of the devil) and even let them preach sermons to us (where the tare has gained the pulpit for himself - a condition quite prevalent as tares, sons of the manipulative, scheming devil, are usually the most proficient at wielding the political power most often required to gain control of “church” boards and pulpits) - and we are not expected or permitted to do anything to separate ourselves from their idolatry. This is hogwash!
God still says, “Come out from among those who call themselves a brother but who are in reality idolaters, serving their own agendas, not Mine! Only in that way will I be your God and you will be My people. Only in that way will I be your Father and you will be My sons and daughters.” (see 1 Cor. 5:9-11 ; 2 Cor. 6:17-18; top )
Tozer says, “The members may by necessity be scattered over the surface of the earth and separated by distance and circumstances...” ("The Vital Place of the Church," p. 25) In this last day of deception, error and apostasy before the return of Christ (see Mt. 24:4 ; 2 Ths. 2:3 ), we may not be able to find a close neighbor who abides in the Spirit of Christ and who seeks only to do and live the will of God. Technological advances like the internet make it possible to communicate with people who do, but the question is raised as to whether this is a valid expression of the people of Christ. While chatrooms, discussion lists and blogs may not be a local assembly, it is certainly an assembly of believers. The electronic version of ex-communication is certainly available to whoever controls the site - but these see no problem with simply lording over any brother they don’t agree with or care for and simply banish him from their site. Totally ignored are the Scriptural mandates for ostracizing brothers (see Mt. 18:15-17; top ) as the excuse is given “This is not church.” How can any assembly of believers not be ekklesia, assembled citizens and representatives of Christ’s kingdom of light assembled to attend to His kingdom? This excuse shows the extent to which the “church” paradigm has infiltrated our notions of what it means to belong to Christ.
Tozer says, “...in every true member of the church is the homing instinct and longing of the sheep for the fold and the Shepherd.” (“The Vital Place of the Church,” p. 25) This homing instinct and longing for the fold and Shepherd written on our hearts by God makes Jesus’ parable all the more important for us to heed. Jesus said,
“If a man has a hundred sheep, and one of them goes astray, does he not leave the ninety-nine and go to the mountains, to seek the one who is straying? And if he should find it, assuredly, I say to you, he rejoices more over that sheep than over the ninety-nine that did not go astray. Even so it is not the will of your Father who is in heaven that one of these little ones should perish.” ( Mt. 18:12-14 - emphasis added; top)
We can see here that it is possible for a sheep to override that homing instinct and longing and go astray. And we should notice that the end result of straying is perishing! It is not the will of God that anyone should perish. (also see 2 Pet. 3:9; top ) It is not the will of God that any sheep should be pushed by the leadership of a “church” toward the process of straying, nor that any sheep should be abandoned so as to complete that process. Nor is it the will of God that this longing and homing instinct be used as a manipulation to keep Christ’s people in bondage and darkness as some do who claim to be leaders.
For those who have been to “churches” where the “pastor” beat up on or chased away the hundredth sheep who dared to challenge his “authority” or who, after daring to think for himself, dared to question the “pastor’s” “infallible” teachings from the pulpit, it is not hard to see that “pastors” simply are not shepherds. To be sure, there are exceptions to this rule where men gifted by God to be shepherds had squeezed themselves into the “church” paradigm/“pastor” mold but somehow managed to retain something of their original gifting from God. But these exceptions do not nullify the norm.
The concept of the hundredth sheep is perhaps the most telling of tests for any “church” system or any “pastor.” It reveals the true heart condition of the people there and the man/men they submit themselves to. Where the hundredth sheep is not carefully nurtured and protected, this exposes their false beliefs about clergy/laity, their supposedly superior “authority” (“delegated” by God to the leaders to use as they think best - a notion not found anywhere in the New Testament! We will address that heresy and error in full in a later section.) and the simple hardness of their heart towards God and men. All of these errors - which we will delve into as we pursue Tozer’s quotes that reveal the “church” paradigm - are the products of the “church” paradigm, those half-hidden presuppositions and underlying definitions that distort our grasp of the truths that God gives us.
Perhaps the clearest parable that I might give about the “church” paradigm is that of making coffee. We pour fresh, clear, clean water into a filtered pile of ground-up coffee beans and it produces a dark drink we call coffee. The water is still there but so is the flavor of the ground-up beans. In the same way, God gives us fresh, clear, clean revelations about Himself, His word, His way or our actions, and, because we believe something else to be true, we color and change His truth into something we find more palatable, desirable and controllable - thus we manufacture our own “words of the Lord” and press them on people for them to follow when in truth the “words” we are teaching are nothing but traditions of men with some divine truth muddied up in the mix. Where, for example, God writes this homing instinct and longing for the fold and the Shepherd into our minds and hearts, we convert this into the notion of “going to church.” We equate “this” with “that” - no questions asked. Where no questions are asked (or even permitted as at many “churches”) there can be no light. Paul said, “Test all things; hold fast what is good.” ( 1 Ths. 5:21 - emphasis added; top) This includes testing all of our underlying paradigms and presuppositions!
There is another layer to this hundredth sheep idea. Jesus said, “...it is not the will of your Father who is in heaven that any of these little ones will perish.” ( Mt. 18:14 ) Where the “church” paradigm is embraced (and the Spirit of God quenched - you cannot have one without the other!), there is no way the will of God is being done - as is evidenced and proven by the neglect and/or abuse of the hundredth sheep. Jesus said, “If anyone wants to do [God's] will, he shall know concerning the teaching, whether it is from God or whether I speak on My own authority.” ( Jn. 7:17 ) Where God’s will in all things is neither done nor desired nor pursued, there can be no discernment between truth and error! Only those who desire to do God’s will can know the spiritual source of teachings. This is all the more important in these last days as men will follow teachings of demons. ( 1 Tim. 4:1 ) The “church” and “pastor” who blindly buy into the “church” paradigm (thereby failing to allow the Spirit of truth to lead them into the will of God) are open to the deceitful influences of the demonic/Satanic as well. This is why the “church” paradigm must include the notion of blind submission to the blind leaders. (see Mt. 15:14 ; 20:25-26; top ) They dare not let anyone think or hear God for themselves or the whole racket is exposed!
One of the worst things we can do to this homing instinct and longing for the fold and Shepherd is to regularly and routinely submerge it under the counterfeits of “church.” The spirit-numbing routine sermonizing slowly kills the believer and does not produce obedience or “equip the saints” ( Eph. 4:12 ) - and this inability of sermons to produce godliness was lamented very early in church history. Using sermonics, Bible fact is piled upon Bible fact - if the “church” listener is actively trying to remember and apply what he hears - and the sheer volume of it all prevents obedience to all the listener knows. The passive “church” “listener” can barely remember the jokes and funny stories and remembers nothing else from the Sunday sermon (even if asked as soon as Tuesday!). Preaching is what produces believers ( Rom. 10:14 ) but making disciples ( Mt. 28:19 ) and feeding and tending sheep ( Jn. 21:15-17; top ) is something different than sermonizing. We blindly equate “this” with “that” - no questions asked.
There is certainly place for preaching and teaching to help people reach spiritual maturity ( Eph. 4:11-13 ) but this should not be a long, drawn out “ministry,” and certainly not the lifelong, spiritually sick, symbiotic relationship between “pastor” and congregation. ( 1 Jn. 2:27; top ) “One-size-fits-all” preaching does not fit all - and the divisiveness of denominationalism is proof of the truth of that statement. Where the preaching - however factual in content - is dispensed by a demonized tare, the results are exponentially worse as real lives are devastated and the will of God for those individuals who place themselves under that son of the devil is incrementally thwarted, even to the point where that person ultimately perishes.
Another terrible thing to do to our homing instinct and longing for the fold and Shepherd is to attempt to have genuine, spiritual, koinonia fellowship with the sons of disobedience. Paul wrote, “Do not be deceived: ‘Evil company corrupts good habits.’” ( 1 Cor. 15:33 ) and the New Testament is replete with admonitions of separation from those who claim to belong to Christ but in reality practice sin, iniquity or error. ( 1 Cor. 5:11-13 ; Mt. 18:17 ; Rom. 16:17 ; 2 Ths. 3:6 , 14 ; 1 Tim. 6:3-5 ; 2 Tim. 3:2-5 ; Tit. 3:10-11 ; 2 Cor. 6:14-18; top )
John wrote, “But if we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another...” ( 1 Jn. 1:7; top ) The “church” most often makes the calendar, the desires/wishes of the attendees (especially the well-paying “tithers”) and/or the universal, unsupported claim of “I’m a Christian” the basis of our “fellowship.” Especially in the mega-“churches” (which accounts for over half of the people who claim to be Christian) - where once a week about 80% of the people might rub shoulders, shake hands, say “Hi, how are you?” to someone, and stare blankly at the back of someone’s head during the preaching - there is no real personal interaction whatsoever. Yet we dare to call this church, the real assembly of Christ’s people of light gathered to attend to the business of His kingdom! We equate “this” with “that” - no questions asked.
Tozer wrote, “Give a few real Christians half a chance and they will get together and organize and plan regular meetings for prayer and worship.” (“The Vital Place of the Church,” p. 25) Give a few distorted, pseudo-Christians half a chance and they will have the calendar filled with scheduled religious events, the people divided into homogenous groups (youth, seniors, divorced, addicts, homeless, etc.) and all the people who truly hear Christ driven off to that sect’s version of “outer darkness” and none (or very, very few) of the real interests and agendas of Christ’s kingdom of light will be addressed and attended to (even where there are the best of intentions). The false, counterfeit, pseudo-Christian elite has been running the “church” for so long that the genuine leaders that Christ is raising up are now deemed crazed and in need of medication and therapy. (see Hos. 9:7; top ) The genuine believer has little or no alternative but to withdraw and allow the Holy Spirit to again draw them into the company of a few real Christians. Those who attend “church” in search of true light and fellowship do little more than search for the living in the place of the dead. One might find a fellow mourner there but more likely will just stumble over the monuments to the corpses.
Tozer gave three characteristics of the meetings of a true church:
1) they will hear the Scriptures expounded,
2) break bread together in one form or another according to their light, and
3) try as far as possible to spread the saving gospel to the lost world. (“The Vital Place of the Church,” p. 26)
The first characteristic betrays Tozer’s subscription to the notion that the teaching of the Bible is to be a monologue from a superior rather than a dialogue among equals. (see 1 Cor. 14:26; top ) Whereas all the preaching and teaching seen in the New Testament was always subject to interruptions and questions and thus clarification and explanation, today’s sermonizing plainly declares the intellectual and spiritual superiority of the preacher over the (stupid) herd he speaks down to. This is demonic arrogance in one of its purest forms. Do not be fooled.
The second characteristic suggests that Tozer never saw the mega-“church” abominations coming. There is no togetherness in passing a plate of thimbles of grape juice or button-sized crackers down the row as you listen to the guy up front tell you what he thinks it’s all about. There is no breaking of the bread just as there is no breaking of the people to be more useful for Christ. This is not family - and the true body of Christ is family!
The third characteristic demonstrates the one-sidedness common under the “church” paradigm. “Evangelism is the work of the church” is a common saying in certain circles - but it is not the whole truth. Each one caring for one another ( 1 Cor. 12:25; top ), loving and serving one another (even at the cost of one’s own agenda and life), the assembly being in proper order with real elders, servants and saints interacting appropriately with the apostles, prophets, shepherds, teachers and evangelists - these are all necessary for a true church, a genuine ekklesia, but they don’t get even a mention here because, under the “church” paradigm, those things “just don’t fit in” or “aren’t really necessary.”
Tozer wrote, “Such groups are cells in the Body of Christ, and each one is a true church, a real part of the greater church. It is in and through these cells that the Spirit does His work on earth.” (“The Vital Place of the Church,” p. 26)
The cell “church” mentality is flawed at its roots. Here, if we were to submit to Tozer’s version of a true church, we would still have Nicolaitanism (clergy ruling over the people) and perhaps an inordinate emphasis on evangelism. This would be a disease in the body of Christ, not a genuine functioning cell in the body. Also, individuals, not “churches,” are the cells that assemble to make up the organs and tissues of the body of Christ that are the real tools the Spirit uses to do His work on earth. That so many organs and tissues are out of order is the reason there is so much darkness in our world. When the Spirit of Christ is truly flowing through the people of Christ, the world is changed for the better. When the demonic has succeeded in diverting the people away from the flow of the Spirit in the “churches,” darkness reigns supreme in the world. Let he who has ears hear.
Tozer wrote, “Whoever scorns the local church scorns the Body of Christ.” (“The Vital Place of the Church,” pp. 26) Perhaps no one scorns the genuine local assembly more so than does the faithful member of a commuter “church” - a commuter “church” being where neither the “pastor” nor the people live in that area. To attend such an abomination is to drive right past our neighbors - the orphans, widows and least of Christ’s brothers God placed in our lives - and to insist that God bless us in our disobedience!
When we study the New Testament Scriptures, we find that the only acceptable division line among the people of Christ was the boundary of the city in which they lived. There was the ekklesia of Antioch, the ekklesia of Ephesus, the ekklesia of Laodicea, etc. “Ekklesia” is always singular before a city. “Ekklesia” is plural only when it refers to regions (like Judea, Macedonia, Asia, etc.) In God’s plan, I belong first and only to the ekklesia of “my town.” I can visit and, as the Lord leads or allows, I can even work with any other ekklesia, but if I don’t know where my “roots” are attached to the body of Christ, I cannot participate in the work of Christ but can only do what is right in my own eyes (lawlessness) and I certainly cannot help establish anyone else in their proper “roots” in Christ. That nearly everyone, assisted in large part by advances in commuter technology and material affluence, has abandoned the idea of the local ekklesia does not negate this truth and godly requirement - rather it only confirms that nearly everyone is practicing lawlessness. (see Mt. 7:23 ; 24:12; top )
When it comes to my neighbor who claims to follow Christ, if he has a different spirit, a different Jesus or a different gospel (see 2 Cor. 11:3-4 ), on what basis might I have koinonia fellowship or the genuine unity of the Spirit with him? If he has only a form of godliness but not the true life-changing power of life by the Spirit of Christ, I must withdraw from him! ( 2 Tim. 3:5; top ) I cannot expect him to obey Christ (at any level) and, at most, I can receive him only as a neighbor and not as a functional brother in Christ.
But if I find any believer in “my town,” and especially one in my own neighborhood, who truly has the Spirit of Christ and who is intent on abiding in Him, this one (or however many there may be) is the ekklesia to which I belong - and he/they belong to me (assuming I am in right standing with God). And it does not get any more complicated than that!
Men have grotesquely distorted the body of Christ for centuries by disregarding this simple truth, attaching themselves to men of like mind and to movements and denominations (divisions, dissensions, heresies) that give lip service to Christ but in reality serve only the interests and “careers” of the “leaders.” The whole system is flawed and corrupt, completely incompatible with the life of Christ, both individually and corporately.
We must leave the “church,” the counterfeit imitation of the ekklesia. We must go wherever and do whatever and be exactly as the Shepherd so leads us. We must individually press on to spiritual maturity (see 2 Pet. 1:5-11 ) with or without leaders and with or without our neighbors who claim to be Christians as we are in the day of lawlessness where only those who endure in loving and serving others in obedience to Christ’s leadings are those who will be saved. ( Mt. 24:13; top ) There is much more at stake than simply deciding what kind of “church” we should attend. Tozer’s definition of a “church” does much to expose the “church” paradigm - but it does not display for us a structure or pattern by which we can hope to assemble as the body of Christ in the last days before His return. As good, well-written and spiritually deep as Tozer’s writings are - and that evaluation stands - on this point of what it means to be ekklesia, his understanding is darkened. Greater light, fresher manna is available for us today.
I’d love to hear comments and/or questions from you! Email me!